Australia is a major immigration country: approximately a quarter of its 20 million people were born outside of Australia. Their countries of origin are diverse: they include the UK, China, Italy, Greece, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Malaysia, South Africa and many, many others.
Although the fertility rate sits at 1.76 children per female, this is well below the rate required, since Australia’s population is ageing rapidly (median age is 36 years and rising). Much of Australia’s population growth therefore, is due to immigration and this is expected to continue to be the case throughout the 21st century.
Immigration to Australia
is integral to the country's economic and social future.